42 Laws of Maat, or 42 Negative Confessions, or 42 Admonition to Goddess Maat, or 42 Declarations of Innocence or Admonitions of Maát, 42 Laws of Maat of Ancient Egypt, or the Laws of the Goddess Maat

Hieroglyph of Goddess Maat iconography, i.e.,
feather of truth (Shu) on top of her head

The purpose of ma'at (law/justice/truth) among the Kemet (Kmt Khemet) people of ancient Upper and Lower Egypt was to divert chaos (Isfet). In Spellbook/Chapter 125 of The Papyrus of Ani (also Book of Coming Forth By Day or The Egyptian Book of the Dead, as edited by E.A. Wallis Budge) the viewer of this hieroglyphic picture finds the petitioner led by Anubis into duat (underworld/the gate).

Image of Goddess Maat

Anubis, The Scale Setter

In Spellbook/Chapter 30B of The Papyrus of Ani titled “Chapter for Not Letting Ani’s Heart Create Opposition Against Him, in the Gods’ Domain,” we find a petitioner of ma'at (justice/truth) before the scales of justice (iconography ma'at/goddess maat). Anubis, the setter of the scales, has placed the petitioner's heart-soul (Ka) on one side of the scale, its counter-weight is the feather of truth (Shu). The Spellbook/Chapter for Not Letting Ani's Heart Create Opposition Against Him in the Gods' Domain is where the petitioner must pronounce, and his/her weighted heart/soul (Ka) will reveal the truth or non-truth of each affirmative of the 42 pronouncements.

Petitioner's heart-soul (Ka) being weighed on the scales of justice (Goddess Ma'at) by Anubis (scale setter) against the feather of truth (Shu)


The 42 Divine Principles of Maat in Budge's native English follows:

  1. I have not committed sin. 
  2. I have not committed robbery with violence.
  3. I have not stolen.
  4. I have not slain men or women.
  5. I have not stolen food.
  6. I have not swindled offerings.
  7. I have not stolen from God/Goddess.
  8. I have not told lies.
  9. I have not carried away food.
  10. I have not cursed.
  11. I have not closed my ears to truth.
  12. I have not committed adultery.
  13. I have not made anyone cry.
  14. I have not felt sorrow without reason.
  15. I have not assaulted anyone.
  16. I am not deceitful.
  17. I have not stolen anyone’s land.
  18. I have not been an eavesdropper.
  19. I have not falsely accused anyone.
  20. I have not been angry without reason.
  21. I have not seduced anyone’s wife.
  22. I have not polluted myself.
  23. I have not terrorized anyone.
  24. I have not disobeyed the Law.
  25. I have not been exclusively angry.
  26. I have not cursed God/Goddess.
  27. I have not behaved with violence.
  28. I have not caused disruption of peace.
  29. I have not acted hastily or without thought.
  30. I have not overstepped my boundaries of concern.
  31. I have not exaggerated my words when speaking.
  32. I have not worked evil.
  33. I have not used evil thoughts, words or deeds.
  34. I have not polluted the water.
  35. I have not spoken angrily or arrogantly.
  36. I have not cursed anyone in thought, word or deeds.
  37. I have not placed myself on a pedestal.
  38. I have not stolen what belongs to God/Goddess.
  39. I have not stolen from or disrespected the deceased.
  40. I have not taken food from a child.
  41. I have not acted with insolence.
  42. I have not destroyed property belonging to God/Goddess
Left to Right: Goddess Ma'at,  Thoth/Tehuti, The Petitioner of Maat,
Scales of Goddess Ma'at (Lady Justice), and Anubis

The ibis-headed Thoth is the patron saint of Maat scribes and priests. He is also known as Tehuti. In the Duat (place for judgment/underworld) and the Hall of Two Truths, Thoth/Tehuti holds a tablet and writing tool and records the scale's reading of the 42 affirmation of the petitioner. The successful petitioner will be led from Duat to Arus (the Field of Reeds) where Osiris sits as the last gatekeeper judge.

Image of Thoth (Thovt, Thot) aka Tehuti
(Djehuti, Djewhuti), Patron of Scribes

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Written by Vanessa Cross, J.D., LL.M. [CC 2012]

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36 comments:

  1. Once you replace negative thoughts with positive ones, you'll start having positive results. See the link below for more info.


    #negative
    www.matreyastudios.com

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  2. Replies
    1. I have been looking for a poster size print out for years and cant find one

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  5. Deeply inspired to maintain a high level of integrity. As a former Christian, I'm shocked at the similarities when comparing and contrasting the Principles listed above with the Ten Commandments!

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    1. The biblical commandments originate from Kemet sis

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    2. Moses, an "Initiate" of the "Egyptian Mysteries," "copied" 10 of the 42 Admonitions on his return from Mt Sinai after "talking with God.". According to the late Dr Yosef A. A. Ben Jochannon, the can be found written in stone in the Temple at Abydos

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    3. All religions are derived from the kemet/kush dynasty... ( we are the sh.t....)lol

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    4. All religions are derived from the kemet/kush dynasty... ( we are the sh.t....)lol

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    6. NOthing was copied from Kemet, you people are nuts. Gods law was his...and he is the beginning and the end. Nothing was before him.

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  6. We need more ancient teachings, I would like to learn the language of kemet

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  7. First time I've seen these. But no one could passinto the next world because wirh have all done so many of these things on our lives. No wonder Moses narrowed it down to ten! At least that gives us a shot!

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  8. The God of our Father's has 613 laws that the Jewish youth carry blue tzit tzit, beads to remind them to do all His commandments.
    Moses narrowed it down to 10 Commandments for the sons of Ishmael/Issac, Jacob/Esau to follow.
    Christ again in the new covenant narrowed the law down to 2 Commandments, to always remember to love The Father, and love thy neighbor as you love and value your own life.
    On those two laws hang all judgement of the judges, lawyers and prophets.
    Best advice I can give, return to the law of love and repentance before all time comes to a halt.

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    1. Hey, I love what you said, and im definitely not trying to troll, just asking a little clarity because you seem to be well versed in the bible, and I am new to the ancient Kemetic writtings.

      1) Do you think Jesus Christ is the only way into heaven and why?

      2) In regards to Jesus giving only 2 commandments, maybe a little more details, because now that I think about it, I think your right. But i still need the verses, I feel like he gave more, but he came as a teacher.

      any input would be helpful, your reasoning so simplistic it actually made a lot of sense.

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    2. I don't feel laws for humans are necessary. Outside of the 7 Hermetic Universal Laws, all this other stuff is B.S (excuse my french). Kangaroos, Giraffes, Lions, not Bunnys need a book or set of rules to hop or be at one with consciousness, nature or the Creator. Humans are the most sophisticated beings on the planet. So why in the heck we need a book or set of laws? All we need is the god-given sense and instinct that we already have.

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    3. I don't feel laws for humans are necessary. Outside of the 7 Hermetic Universal Laws, all this other stuff is B.S (excuse my french). Kangaroos, Giraffes, Lions, not Bunnys need a book or set of rules to hop or be at one with consciousness, nature or the Creator. Humans are the most sophisticated beings on the planet. So why in the heck we need a book or set of laws? All we need is the god-given sense and instinct that we already have.

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    4. 2 love God means you have 2 obey His commandments and 2 keep His Words forever.

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  9. Yes!!! Help me understand as well as a former Christian, because it seems very suspect how I can repent and be automatically accepted into heaven???... Especially if I lived my whole life a sinner???.. And to whom I pray to????. Jesus or God himself????..... In a. Nutshell it seems to me that Jesus himself even went by these 42 laws of maat.......

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    1. Kemet is where its laws originate! Study the ancient african religions

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    2. Pray and seek forgiveness from the One True God. God doesn't take a son. It is not befitting of Him to have a son.

      116) And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, 'Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah ?'" He will say, "Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.
      117) I said not to them except what You commanded me - to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.

      118) If You should punish them - indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them - indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

      119) Allah will say, "This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness." For them are gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, Allah being pleased with them, and they with Him. That is the great attainment.

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  10. If we've done these things what God or Goddess do we go to for forgiveness it any is to be offered

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  11. If we've done these things what God or Goddess do we go to for forgiveness it any is to be offered

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  12. So people are still into the fake Christianity?Then they have long way to go.

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  13. Tiffany says,"As a former Christian, I'm shocked at the similarities when comparing and contrasting the Principles listed above with the Ten Commandments!"

    Beautysays says, "The biblical commandments originate from Kemet..."

    Terrance says, Moses, an 'Initiate' of the 'Egyptian Mysteries,' 'copied' 10 of the 42 Admonitions on his return from Mt Sinai after 'talking with God.'"

    I'm sorry, I'm sure these are all nice people with good intentions, but these statements are absurd. To begin with, the list must have lost something in the translation from what would have to be some form of hieroglyphics, as it laws are often repetitive. Why, for instance, does "I have not stolen food" have to be said in law #5 if one says in law #3 "I have not stolen?" In fact, there is much repetition in the "stealing" category.

    Still I only see four clear repetitions between the Ten Commandments and these 42 laws--unless you want to say that using the Lord's name in vain is the same as "I have not cursed God/Goddess," which I would disagree with, but for the sake of argument that would make five. There is no mention of worshiping only one true God and to have no other gods before Him. It has no mention of not worshiping idols. It does not touch on the subject of a Sabbath day and to keep it holy. It says nothing of honoring or dishonoring one's father and mother. It does not mention the sin of coveting.

    Surely in all of history you are going to have some natural overlap of moral laws between cultures, especially when it comes to stealing and murder. Let's not get carried away with ridiculous arguments that such parallels means one people stole their foundational tenants from others.

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    1. Well said, Jay. There is a high degree of "parallelomania" and a craze that suggestion that any comparison of terms in the mystery religions and its mythology - like Kemet - suggests wholesale stealing of moral, ethical and faith concepts. We must reject the comparative mythology which finds a causal relationship between everything and everything else, and the dependency fallacy that occurs when interpreters imply that Christianity borrowed not only the form but the substance of the many gods of the mystery religions and turned it into a new monotheistic religion. It is all based on the terminology fallacy that pieces together parts of many myths to arrive at a comparison to the one cohesive unified Christian narrative. Finally, the chronology fallacy suggest that if anything pre-dates something else that new thing is dependent on the earlier writing. The truth is the opposite occured and continues to occur today. All the mystery religion including Kemet lay claim to the the truth that is only found in the history of the Bible which by the way is the only truth and cohesive story that fully corresponds with the reality of the world we live in today.

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  14. Thanks- http://www.africanknowledgetoday.com/

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  15. Thanks- http://www.africanknowledgetoday.com/

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